Citing Chimera

Publications include scientific papers, posters, films, videos, exhibits, and artwork.

A substantial portion of the funding for the development of Chimera comes from a National Center for Research Resources grant (P41 RR-01081) from the National Institutes of Health. Consequently, publications that result from work using Chimera (e.g., contain graphical images produced with Chimera) should acknowledge our laboratory. We ask that a statement similar to the following be used:

Molecular graphics images were produced using the Chimera package from the Computer Graphics Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco (supported by NIH P41 RR-01081).
Please cite Chimera using the following URL and abstract:

Huang, C.C., Couch, G.S., Pettersen, E.F., and Ferrin, T.E. "Chimera: An Extensible Molecular Modeling Application Constructed Using Standard Components." Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing 1:724 (1996).
The solvent-excluded molecular surfaces produced by Chimera are created with the help of the MSMS package from Prof. Michel Sanner. Therefore, the use of Chimera images depicting solvent-excluded molecular surfaces should reference the following journal article in addition to the Chimera reference listed above:
Sanner, M.F., Olson, A.J., and Spehner, J.C. "Reduced surface: an efficient way to compute molecular surfaces." Biopolymers 38(3):305-320 (1996).
Also, please send us a reference to your publication for our records. We would also appreciate receiving two reprints of the publication. Our address is:
Computer Graphics Laboratory
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
University of California
San Francisco, CA 94143-0446
Please note that NIH carefully tracks publications that make use of NCRR Resource Centers such as the CGL and hence your cooperation is appreciated in properly citing both the grant number and reference article listed above. Thank you.


Chimera is the result of the work of many individuals: Conrad Huang, Greg Couch, Eric Pettersen, Thomas Ferrin, Tom Goddard, Daniel Greenblatt, Elaine Meng, David Konerding, Heidi Houtkooper, Teri Klein, Willa Crowell, Norma Belfer, and many others.

Other Embedded Software

Chimera incorporates many publicly available software packages. Please read the following list for details.