March 24, 2008
Influenza virus tomography from Jack Johnson, unpublished data.
Jack asked if I could show how Chimera could be used on this data.
The influenza A virus genome consists of eight single-stranded negative-sense RNA segments of 890 to 2,341 nucleotides each. These segments are associated with nucleoprotein and three polymerase subunits. The resultant ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs) resemble a twisted rod (10-15 nm in width and 30-120 nm in length) that is folded back and coiled on itself.
Mouse-like usb input device. $60 academic, $100 commercial. Heavy.
Has 6 degrees of freedom -- 6 numbers reported to program rather than 2 for mouse. Push in 3 directions (x,y,z) and rotation about 3 axes.
More natural movement of models than using 3-buttons on mouse for rotating, translating and zooming.
Unified Surface Model
Made MSMS molecular surfaces use same type of surface model as volume, multiscale, surfnet, intersurf, shape command, GRASP surfaces, IMOD surfaces.
Formerly separate code was needed to handle msms surfaces and volume... surfaces, for example measuring surface area.
New MSMSModel is implemented in Python instead of C++ making it easy to improve MSMS surfacing.
Still to come.
Can hand trace surfaces by drawing curves or loops that are stitched to make the surface. Useful for segmenting structures in density maps.
Use "place markers while dragging" mouse mode and the Surfaces panel in the volume tracer dialog.
Surfaces can be used for masking volume data.
EM tomography analysis done by Jeff Triffo in Manfred Auer lab at LBNL. Movie.
New "shape" command makes surfaces for standard geometric shapes: sphere, cylinder, icosahedron.
Useful for masking volume data.
Shapes can be resized interactively with resize surface mouse mode.
Example shows dividing pombe cell within a glass pipette imaged by x-ray tomography. Use cylinder to mask away pipette. Illustration from Chimera presentation at National Center for X-ray Tomography.
Can calculate a low resolution simulated map from a PDB model with new "molmap" command.
Useful for fitting and into experimental maps and determining correlation coefficient of fit.
Fit optimization tool now has option to create simulated map and to report correlation coefficient as model is moved within map.
Space navigator can be used together with mouse in hand fitting. One controls overall view point, the other moves just the molecule.
Andrew Jewett suggested making transparent surfaces more opaque in places where they are not face-on.
Improves depth perception. Gives an effect similar to silhouette edges.
Accounts for thickness of a slab along line of sight being greater for oblique orientations, 1/cos(theta) dependence.
Have only tested idea with a script for a surface in fixed orientation. Next step is to support realtime update during rotation.
Can turn surfaces into slabs.
A selected surface is made into two surfaces displaced along surface normals. Done with a script that calls code that implements slab option of mask command.
Useful? Just play'n.
Inertia ellipsoid representing principal axes and moments about those axes.
Axes and moments are printed to reply log.